By the end of EYFS children will be able to:
- Order two or three items by length or height.
- Order two items by weight or capacity.
- Use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects to solve problems.
- Use everyday language related to time.
- Order and sequence familiar events.
- Measure short periods of time in simple ways.
- Use everyday language related to money.
By the end of Year 1 children will be able to:
- Compare, describe and solve practical problems for:
- Lengths and heights e.g. long/short, longer/shorter
- Mass/weight e.g. heavy/light, heavier than/lighter than
- Capacity and volume e.g. full/empty, more than/less than, half full
- Time e.g. quicker/slower, earlier/later
- Measure and begin to record the following:
- Lengths and heights
- Capacity and volume
- Recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes.
- Sequence events in chronological order using the language of time e.g. before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening.
- Recognise and use language relating to dates, including the days of the week, weeks, months and years.
- Tell the time to the nearest hour and half hour and draw the hands on an analogue clock to show these times.
By the end of Year 2 children will be able to:
- Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure, to the nearest appropriate unit, using the appropriate equipment:
- Length/height (m/cm)
- Mass (kg/g)
- Temperature (°C)
- Capacity (l/ml)
- Compare and order length, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using <, > and =.
- Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value.
- Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amount of money.
- Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.
- Compare and sequence intervals of time.
- Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.
- Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.
By the end of Year 3 children will be able to:
- Measure, compare, add and subtract lengths (m/cm/mm), mass (kg/g) and volume/capacity (l/ml).
- Add and subtract amounts of money to give change, using both £ and p in practical contexts.
- Tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals I – XII, and 12- and 24-hour clocks.
- Estimate and read the time with increasing accuracy to the nearest minute; record and compare time in terms of seconds, minutes and hours; use vocabulary such as o’clock, am/pm, morning, afternoon, noon and midnight.
- Know the number of seconds in a minute and the number of days in each month, year and leap year.
- Compare durations of events.
- Measure the perimeter of simple 2D shapes.
By the end of Year 4 children will be able to:
- Convert between different units of measure e.g. km to m, hour to minute.
- Estimate, compare and calculate different measures.
- Estimate, compare and calculate different measures including money in pounds and pence.
- Read, write and convert between analogue and digital 12- and 24-hour clocks.
- Solve problems involving converting from hours to minutes; minutes to seconds; years to months; weeks to days.
- Measure and calculate the perimeter of a rectilinear figure in centimetres and metres.
- Find the area of rectilinear shapes by counting squares.
By the end of Year 5 children will be able to:
- Convert between different units of metric measure e.g. km an m; cm and m; cm and mm; g and kg; l and ml.
- Understand and use approximate equivalences between metric units and common imperial units such as inches, pounds and pints.
- Use all four operations to solve problems involving measure using decimal notation, including scaling.
- Use all four operations to solve problems involving measure.
- Solve problems involving converting between units of time.
- Measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes in centimetres and metres.
- Calculate and compare the area of rectangles, and include using standard units, square centimetres (cm²) and square metres (m²) and estimate the area of irregular shapes.
- Estimate volume e.g. using 1cm³ blocks to build cuboids and capacity e.g. using water.
By the end of Year 1 children will be able to:
- Solve problems involving the calculation and conversion of units of measure, using decimal notation up to three decimal places where appropriate.
- Use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of length, mass, volume and time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit, and vice versa, using decimal notation to up to three decimal places.
- Convert between miles and kilometres.
- Use, read, write and convert between standard units, converting measurements of time from a smaller unit of measure to a larger unit and vice versa.
- Recognise that shapes with the same area can have different perimeters and vice versa.
- Recognise when it’s possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes.
- Calculate the area of parallelograms and triangles.
- Calculate, estimate and compare the volume of cubes and cuboids using standard units, including cubic centimetres (cm³) and cubic metres (m³) and extending to other units.