By the end of EYFS children will be able to:
- Talk about some of the things they have observed e.g. plants, animals, natural and found objects.
- Show care and concern for living things and the environment.
- Understand growth, decay and changes over time
By the end of Year 1 children will be able to:
- Focusing on the school and locality, describe what places in the locality are like.
- Recognise where things are in relation to other things in the locality.
- Think about how the school environment could be improved.
- Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the UK.
- With support read a thermometer.
- Use simple labelled sketches and plans.
- Identify and name key human features e.g. city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port.
- Identify and name key physical features e.g. beach, season, weather, forest, hill.
By the end of Year 2 children will be able to:
- Study an area of a non-European country.
- Compare and recognise differences between a chosen non-European country and a local area.
- Make observations about seasonal weather changes (of a chosen non-European country).
- Follow a route on a map.
- Draw a map of a real route and record using a key.
- Identify and name key human features – city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port.
- Identify and name key physical features – cliff, coast, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation.
By the end of Year 3 children will be able to:
- Draw maps from a plan view.
- Use a rain gauge/anemometer.
By the end of Year 4 children will be able to:
- Make observations about patterns made by human features.
- Make observations about patterns made by natural features.
- Recognise how a place fits within a wider geographical context.
- Describe how human processes can lead to similarities and differences in the environments of different places, and in the lives of the people who live there.
- Understand the terms 'biomes' and 'vegetation belts'.
By the end of Year 5 children will be able to:
- Understand what mountains are and how they’re formed.
- Describe and compare the physical and human features of different localities.
- Know how particular features have evolved and how they might change in the future.
- Explain features of places and why they change, including how they might get damaged or be improved.
- Use keys in atlases to make deductions about landscape.
- Draw a sketch map with a key.
- Study rivers and the water cycle.
By the end of Year 6 children will be able to:
- Understand what volcanoes and earthquakes are.
- Recognise and explain patterns in physical and human features in several different localities.
- Know about a number of physical and human processes, their importance and how they can cause change.
- Recognise how people can improve and sustain their environment.
- Explain different views in relation to a geographical issue.
- Analyse evidence and draw conclusions e.g. population data for two localities.
- Use detailed field sketches.
- Recognise physical features e.g. effects if flooding/ drought.